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The Garden Writers Association


Last Update 06/03/08

Florida Native Plant Section

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Sambucus simpsonii

 Elderberry

Make some Sweet Elderberry wine (a winter holiday favorite), jelly and pies. This plant is worth growing just for that. Elderberry is also a good screen plant where it is needed to block objectionable views. It can also be used as a shrub or small tree.

Elderberry, Sambucus simpsonii

 

Elderberries. Click to enlarge.

Elderberry flowers. Click to enlarge.

Plant Facts:

Common Name:   Elderberry

Botanical Name:   Sambucus simpsonii

Plant Type:  Multistemmed small tree or shrub.

Zones: 3-11

Height:  10-15'

Soil Requirements:  Prefers moist locations.

Water Requirements: Semi-drought tolerant.

Light Requirements: Full sun to part shade.

Leaves:  Glossy, opposite, pinnate foliage with 5 to 9 pointed leaflets, each to 3" long and with jagged edges.

Flowers: Small, fragrant white flowers borne in flattish heads, blooming most of the year.

Fruit: Edible, 1/4", shiny round, black berries, usually ripening in summer.

Uses:  Good filler plant in landscapes, fruit valuable for wine, pie, jelly, and to feed wildlife.

Propagation:  Seeds, cuttings.

Source:  Native Florida Plants: Low-Maintenance Landscaping and Gardening

 
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