FloridaGardener.com Get answers to your gardening questions here!Cultural information for hundreds of plants that grow in Florida.   
Books regarding gardening in Florida you can buy online.
Search FloridaGardener.com for something specific.
Tell Us What You Think
Links to other garden-related sites.

 The Patio
  Gardening Games
  About FG

Growing Tips
  Gardening Tips 
  Grow Veggies 
  Soils and Climate 
  Hardiness Zones  
  Butterfly Gardening  
  Build a Greenhouse
  Garden Critters  

Florida Plants
  Native Plants
  Plant of the Month
 Florida Palms
 Poisonous Plants 

  Privacy Statement
 What You Think of FG

Help Us to Keep Growing!

Member of :


The Garden Writers Association


The Swallowtail Butterflies

pipevine swallowtail.jpg (10708 bytes)

Pipevine Swallowtail
Battus philenor philenor

Habitat:  Open fields, bushy or wooded areas and in gardens.
  February to November.
Preferred Foods:
  Common near host plants or pink, purple or orange flowers as a nectar source.
  Feed on Dutchman's Pipe and other species of Aristolochia.
  All of Florida south to Ft. Myers.

gold rim swallowtail.jpg (9076 bytes)

Gold Rim Swallowtail
Battus polydamas lucayus

Habitat:  Adults frequent open fields and pine woods including suburban gardens.
  In south Florida all year.
Preferred Foods:
  Lantana nectar.
  Feed on various species of Dutchman's Pipe.
  North central Florida south to Miami and the Florida Keys; not in south central Florida.

zebra swallowtail.jpg (9835 bytes)

Zebra Swallowtail
Eurytides marcellus floridensis

Habitat:  Deciduous woodlands along streams and rivers near larval food plant.
  In Florida from March to December.
Preferred Foods:
  Search for nectar from a variety of plants.
  Feed on pawpaw (Asimina triloba) in the Panhandle and other species of Asimina.
  All of Florida except southeast coast north of Miami.

american black swallowtail.jpg (10733 bytes)

American (=Black) Swallowtail
Papilio polyxenes asterius

Habitat:  Open fields including gardens.
  All year in Florida.
Preferred Foods:
   Search for nectar from a variety of plants.
  Feed on wild carrot (Daucus carota) in the Panhandle and other umbelliferous plants.
  All of Florida except for small area north of Miami.

giant swallowtail.jpg (11056 bytes)

Giant Swallowtail
Papilio cresphontes

Habitat:  Woodlands and citrus groves.
  All year in south Florida.  Migrates far north and west.
Preferred Foods:
  Adults sip nectar from many flowers and juice from manure.
  Feed on citrus and torchwood (Amyris elemifera) and other Rutaceae.
  All of Florida.

schaus island swallowtail.jpg (11662 bytes)

Schaus' (=Island) Swallowtail

Papilio aristodemus ponceanus

Habitat:  Subtropical wooded areas flying about the tree canopy.
  Late April, May to end of July.  Very rare, protected.
Preferred Foods:
  Nectar from many flowers.
  Feed on torchwood (Amyris elemifera) and wild lime (Zanthoxylum fagara).
  On north Florida Keys.

queen swallowtail.jpg (8000 bytes)

Queen Swallowtail
Papilio androgeus epidaurus

Habitat:  Subtropical and tropical wooded areas sometimes common in orange groves.
  March to November.
Preferred Foods:
  Nectar from many flowers and drinking at mud.
  Feed on orange (Citrus sinensis) in Florida.
  South Florida in groves.

eastern tiger swallowtail.jpg (11560 bytes)

Eastern Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio glaucus australis

Habitat:  Near edge of deciduous woods.
  March to November.
Preferred Foods:
  Feed on nectar of many flowers, also visit mud and carrion.
  Feed on wide variety of trees and sometimes shrubs such as wild cherry, yellow poplar and ash.
  All of Florida except Keys, rare in Dade County.

spicebush swallowtail.jpg (9950 bytes)

Spicebush Swallowtail
Papilio troilus ilioneus

Habitat:  Deciduous woodlands.
  March to December.
Preferred Foods:
  Common on flowers and mud.
  Feed on sassafras (in Panhandle), spicebush, camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora) sweet bay, and prickly ash (Zanthoxylum coriaceum).
  All of Florida except Miami area.

laurel palamedes swallowtail.jpg (11409 bytes)

Laurel (=Palamedes) Swallowtail
Papilio palamedes

Habitat:  Wooded areas, particularly swampy areas.
  March to December.
Preferred Foods:
  Common on many kinds of flowers and mud.
  In wet areas, feed on red bay (Persea borbonia) and avocado (Persea americana) and other species of Lauraceae growing in swampy areas.
Distribution:  Almost all of Florida except in central prairie areas and Florida Keys.

Go to the Butterflies: Butterfly Index, Butterfly Plants, Brushfoots, Milkweeds, Swallowtails

Sources: Florida Butterflies; Butterfly Gardening: creating summer magic in your garden


Home | Bookstore | Search | Feedback | Links | The Patio | The Garden Exchange
Plant of the Month | E-Postcards | Gardening Tips | Soils and Climates | Hardiness Zones
Butterfly Gardening | Build A Greenhouse | Florida Palms | Poisonous Plants | Privacy Statement | Pulling Weeds | Florida Gardens | Extension Offices | Water Conservation | Dr. Nehrling

Copyright 1999-2001 FloridaGardener.com All Rights Reserved.