|Florida is a very
unique state to garden in. We have four growing zones:
often experiences frosts and freezes during
the winter while the summers can be as hot or
hotter than those experienced by zones further
south. But seasonal changes tend to be
very noticeable here.
In the fall,
leaves will change color and drop just like
those "up north". While the
climate can be too cold during the winter for
growing tropical plants, apples, blueberries,
grapes, peaches, pears, pecans and plums tend
to do well in this area (if varieties are
chosen based on how many hours of winter
temperatures below 40° they require to flower
and set fruit) as do temperate-zone
vegetables. Like most of the rest of
Florida, the soils of North Florida tend to be
sandy, but there is also some clay-based soil
in this area.
climate is a bit more mild than that of North
Florida. Frosts and freezes during the
winter are not as common as further north and
the seasons tend to be a bit more sub-tropical
(hot summers, warm falls and springs and mild
winters). Seasonal changes tend to be
less noticeable here. In the
middle and southern areas of Central Florida,
citrus grows extremely well and produces
Throughout the area
avocados, carambolas, lemons, limes,
pineapples, surinam cherries, papayas and
tropical vegetables can be grown here if
protected from occasional freezes.
Apples, peaches, pears and temperate-zone
vegetables can still be grown in most of this
area if varieties designed to thrive here are
Like most of the rest of
Florida, the soils of Central Florida tend to
be sandy, but there is also some peat and
clay-based soil in this area.
South Florida is
a sub-tropical zone. Frosts and freezes
during the winter are very rare. Citrus
does very well here as do many tropical plant
Temperate-zone vegetables can
be grown here provided it is during the cooler
fall and winter seasons. Northern plant
varieties have a tough time surviving through
our hot and humid summers while those that
need successive cold spells to flower or
fruit will probably do neither.
Florida soils are mostly sand with some peat
and limestone aggregates.
is a fairly small zone composed of basically
just Key West. Frosts and freezes rarely
ever occur in this area and plants which
appreciate hot, humid weather do particularly
Tropical Florida soils tend to be
composed of sand and limestone aggregates.
A summary of the
growing conditions in Florida:
The soil is
composed mostly of sand and amendments are
The heat and
humidity is relatively high during most of
essential during Florida's dry season.
Plants should be
chosen based on their zonal requirements.
The plants you
choose should be planted during the time
of the season that they are the most