FloridaGardener.com Get answers to your gardening questions here!Cultural information for hundreds of plants that grow in Florida.   
FloridaGardener.com
Books regarding gardening in Florida you can buy online.
Search FloridaGardener.com for something specific.
Tell Us What You Think
Links to other garden-related sites.

Community
 The Patio
  Gardening Games
  About FG

Growing Tips
  Gardening Tips 
  Grow Veggies 
  Soils and Climate 
  Hardiness Zones  
  Butterfly Gardening  
  Build a Greenhouse
  Garden Critters  

Florida Plants
  Native Plants
  Plant of the Month
 Florida Palms
 Poisonous Plants 

Help
  Privacy Statement
 What You Think of FG


Help Us to Keep Growing!

Member of :

GWAA

The Garden Writers Association


Last Update 05/28/11
Plant of the Month

 Quisqualis indica

 Burma Creeper, Chinese Honeysuckle, Rangoon Creeper

Rangoon Creeper is an extremely spectacular vine that blooms throughout the year in Florida's tropical heat. When in full bloom, it is covered with large trusses of tricolored flowers that are very showy and pleasantly scented.

The flowers have many variations of color, depending on how old the flowers are. Over about a 3 day period the flowers starts out white, turn solid pink then dark pink and purplish red, then bright red on maturity.

The name is from the Latin quis, "who", and qualis, "what". This name was given by the early botanist Georg Eberhard Rumphius as an expression of his surprise at the variability of the plant's growth and flower color.

 

Common Name:  Burma Creeper, Chinese Honeysuckle, Rangoon Creeper

Botanical Name:  Quisqualis indica

Family:  Combretaceae (Indian Almond / White Mangrove family)

Plant Type:  Evergreen, branching climber

Origin: Tropical Africa, South Africa, Indonesia and Malaysia

Zones: 9 - 11

Height:  10' - 40' or more

Rate of Growth: Quick

Salt Tolerance: Medium

Soil Requirements:  Rich, moist, well-drained soil

Water Requirements: Water freely during growing season, less water in winter

Nutritional Requirements: Balanced liquid fertilizer monthly

Light Requirements: Full sun with some mid-day shade

Form:  Freely branching perennial climber -- give it a very sturdy arch, wall or fence to climb. Plant is shrubby in youth from a seed becoming a climbing vine as it ages or from the beginning with cutting propagated stock. 

 

Leaves:  Mid to deep-green to 8" long

Flowers:  In Summer bears slender-tubed, fragrant flowers, 1.5 - 3" long with 5 spreading lobes, in pendent, terminal racemes, 4" long, initially white, they change to pink, purplish red, then bright red over a 3 day period.

Fruits: Small dry drupe-like seed with five angles and five wings

Pests:  Aphids, scale insects and caterpillars

Uses:  Lush rapidly growing lustrous green foliage with pendent clusters of pink or red flowers throughout much of the growing season; nighttime fragrance. Large patio container or conservatory plant; works well on arbors, trellises, pillars, arches, sturdy fences and pergolas or as an espalier.

Bad Habits: Rangoon Creeper's vigorous growth can get quite out-of-hand on fertile sites. ** Be sure that fence, pergola, arbor or other that you intend to grow Quisqualis on will be able to support its weight as it grows and matures. ** Winter die-back can be expected in colder parts of its range.

Cost:  $$ -- reasonable

Propagation:   Seeds, cuttings, suckers

Other: Quisqualis indica is used for traditional medicine in its native lands. Leaves are used to relieve pain caused by fever while the roots are used treat rheumatism. Read more at Wikipedia and Philippine Medicinal Plants on its traditional uses.

 

Sources: AMERICAN HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY A-Z ENCYCLOPEDIA OF GARDEN PLANTS, Top Tropicals

 

 

 

Copyright 1999-2011 FloridaGardener.com All Rights Reserved.